Campus Ninja

Selected research on trauma, sexual assault and rape

Angleman, Amy, Yoshihiko Shinzato, Vincent B. Van Hasselt and Stephen A. Russo. 2009. Traditional martial arts versus modern self-defense training for women: Some comments. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 14, pp. 899-93.

Bradley, April R., Elizabeth A. Yeater and William O’Donohue. 2009. An Evaluation of Mixed-Gender Sexual Assault Prevention Program, Journal of Primary Prevention, Vol. 30, pp. 697-715.

Brecklin, Leanne. 2005. Evaluation Outcomes of Self-Defense Training for Women: A Review, Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 13, pp. 60-76.

Cantor, David, Fisher, Bonnie, Chibnall, Susan, et al. 2015. Report on the AAU Campus Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct. Rockville, MD: Westat. Report prepared for the Association of American Universities.

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey,

Coker, Ann, Patricia Cook-Craig, Corrine Williams et al. 2011. Evaluation of Green Dot: an Active bystander Intervention to Reduce Sexaul Violence on College Campuses, Violence Against Women, Vol. 17, No. 6, p. 777-796.

Coker, Ann, Bonnie Fisher, Heather Bush et al. 2015. Evaluation of the Green Dot Bystander Intervention to Reduce Interpersonal Violence Among College students Across Three Campuses, Violence Against Women, Vol. 21, No. 12, pp. 1507-1527.

Daly, Kathleen and Brigitte Bouhours. 2010. Rape and attrition in the Legal Process: A Comparative Analysis of Five Countries, Crime and Justice, vol. 39, pp. 565-650.

DeGue, Sarah, Linda Anne Valle, Melissa KK. Holt et al. 2014. A systematic Review of Primary Prevention Strategies for Sexual violence Perpetration, Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 19, pp. 346-362.

Edwards, Katie, Danielle Probst, Erin Tansill, et al. 2014. In Their Own Words: A Content-Analytic Study of College Women’s Resistance to Sexual Assault, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 29, No. 14, pp. 2527-2547.

Garrity, Stacy, 2011. Sexual Assault Prevention Programs for College-Aged Men: A Critical Evaluation, Journal of Forensic Nursing, Vol. 7, pp. 40-48.

Gidycz, Christine and Christina Dardis. 2014. Feminist Self-Defense and Resistance Training for College Students: A Critical Review and Recommendations for the Future, Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 322-333.

Golding, Jacqueline, Judith Siegel, Susan Sorensen, et al. 1989. Social Support Support Following Sexual Assault, Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 17, No. 1 (January), pp. 92-107.

Hockett, Jericho M., Sara J. Smith, et al. 2016. “Rape Myth Consistency and Gender Differences in Perceiving Rape Victims: A Meta-Analysis, Violence Against Women, Vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 139-167.

Hollander, Jocelyn. 2009. the Roots of Resistance to Women’s Self-Defense, Violence Against Women, Vol. 15, No. 5 (May), pp. 574-594.

Hollander, Jocelyn. 2014. Does Self-Defense Training Prevent Sexual Violence Against Women? Violence Against Women, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 252-269.

Koelsch, Lori, E., Amy L. Brown, and Leah Boisen. 2012. Bystander Perceptions: Implications for University Sexual Assault Prevention Programs, Violence and Victims, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 563-589.

Koss, Mary P. 2014. The RESTORE Program of Restorative Justice for Sex Crimes: Vision, Process, and Outcomes, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 29, No. 9, pp. 1623-1660.

Koss, Mary, and Mary Achilles. 2008. Restorative Justice Responses to Sexual Assault. Applied research Forum, National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women (VAWnet), February.

Koss, Mary P., and Elise Lopez. 2014. VAWA After the Party: Implementing proposed  Guidelines on Campus Sexual Assault Resolution, CUNY Law Review, December 19.

Koss, Mary P., Jay K. Wilgus, and Kaaren M. Williamsen. 2014. Campus Sexual Misconduct: Restorative Justice Approaches to Enhance Compliance With Title IX Guidance, Trauma, Violence & Abuse, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 242-257.

Krebs, Christopher P., and Christine Lindquist. 2014. Setting the Record Straight on the “1 in 5,”, December 15.  

Krebs, Christopher P., Christine Lindquist, et al. 2009. College Women’s Experiences with Physically Forced, Alcohol- or Other Drug-Enabled, and Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault Before and Since Entering College, Journal of American College Health, Vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 639-647.

Lakes, Kimberly and William T. Hoyt, 2004. Promoting Self-Regulation through School-Based martial Arts Training, Applied Development Psychology, Vol. 25, pp. 283-302.

Lisak, David, Lorid Gardinier, Sara Nicksa, et al. 2010. False Allegations of Sexual Assault: An Analysis of Ten Years of Reported Cases, Violence Against Women, Vol. 16, No. 12, pp. 1318-1334.

McCaughey, Martha and Jill Cermele. 2015. Changing the Hidden Curriculum of Campus Rape Prevention and Education: Women’s Self-Defense as a Key Protective Factor for a Public Health Model of Prevention, Trauma, Violence & Abuse, pp. 1-16.

Menning, Chadwick. 2009. Unsafe at Any House? Attendees’ Perceptions of Microlevel Environmental Traits and Personal Safety at Fraternity and Nonfraternity Parties, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 24, No. 10 (October), pp. 1714-1734.

Menning, Chadwick and Mellisa Holtzman, 2015. Combining Primary Prevention and Risk Reduction Approaches in Sexual Assault Protection Programming, Journal of American College Health, Vol. 63, no. 8 (December), pp. 513-522.

Moor, Avigail and Moshe Farchi. 2011. Is Rape-Related Self Blame Distinct From Other Post Traumatic Attributions of Blame? A Comparison of Severity and Implications for Treatment, Women & Therapy, Vol. 34, pp. 447-460.

Orchowski, Lindsay and Christine Gidycz. 2012. To Whom Do College Women Conide Following Sexual Assault? A Prospective Study of Predictors of Sexual Assault Disclosure and Social Reactions, Violence Against Women, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 264-288.

Paglia, Camille. 2014. The Modern Campus Cannot Comprehend Evil,, September 29.

Peter-Hagene, Liana C. and Sarah E. Ullman. 2015. Sexual Assault-Characteristics Effects on PTSD and Psychosocial Mediators: A Cluster-Analysis Approach to Sexual Assault Types, Psychological Trauma, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 162-170.

Rape and Sexual Assault: A Renewed Call to Action, January 2014.

Rouse, Wendy, and Beth Slutsky, 2014. Empowering the Physical and political Self: Women and the Practices of Self-Defense, 1890-1920, The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Vol. 13, No. 4 (October), pp. 470-499.

Siegel, Judith, Susan Sorenson, et al. 1989. Resistance to Sexual Assault: Who Resists and What Happens? American Journal of Public Health, ,Vol. 79, No., pp. 27-31.

Sinozich, Sofi and Lynn Langton. 2014. Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995-2013, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, December.

Soave, Robby. 2015. Junk Science and Campus Rape: A New Inquiry Casts Serious Doubt on the Most Influential Study on Collegiate Sexual Assault, Reason, November, pp. 32-36

Spohn, Cassia, Clair White, and Katherine Tellis. 2014. UnfoundingSexual Assault: Examining the Decision to Unfound and Identifying Fals Reports, Law & Society Review, Vol. 38, No. 1

Stewart, Andrew. 2013. The men’s Project: A Sexual Assault Prevention Program Targeting College Men, Psychology of Men & Masculinity, Vol. 15, nNo. 4, pp. 481-485.

Tark, Jongyeon, and Gary Kleck. 2014. Resisting Rape: The Effects of Victim Self-Protection on Rape Completion and Injury, Violence Against Women, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 270-292.

Taylor, Stuart, Jr. 2015. The Cinematic Railroading of Jameis Winston, National Review, March 12.

Ullman, Sarah. 2011. Is Disclosure of Sexual Traumas Helpful? Comparing Experimental Laboratory Versus Field Study Results, Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 148-162.

Ullman, Sarah. 2014. Correlates of Posttraumatic Growth in Adult Sexual Assault Victims. Traumatology, vol. 20, no. 3, September, pp. 219-224.

Ullman, Sarah, and Liana Peter-Hagene. 2014. Social Reactions to Sexual Assault Disclosure, coping, Perceived Control, and PTSD Symptoms in Sexual Assault Victims, Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 42, no. 4, May, pp. 495-508.

Vladutiu, Catherine Sandra Martin, and Rebecca Macy. 2011. College- or University-Based Sexual Assault Prevention Programs: A Review of Program Outcomes, Characteristics, and Recommendations, Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 67-86

Voller, Emily and Patricia Long, 2010. “Sexual Assault and Rape Perpetration by College Men: the Role of the Big Five Personality Traits,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 24, No. 3, March, pp. 457-480.

Yoffe, Emily.  2014. The College Rape Overcorrection,, December 7.